"Merce Cunningham: After the Arbitrary, by professor Carrie Noland, aims to disentangle the choreographer from his partner. In this insightful and comprehensive new work, Noland makes the case that we should decouple the dancer's aesthetic methods from Cage's chance-driven operations. . . . Noland's goal is twofold: to disentangle Cunningham from Cage, and to recontextualize his process as deliberate rather than chance-driven. Through readings of six of Cunningham's pieces, she seeks to distinguish his use of indeterminacy as a highly structured method 'of selecting, framing, and highlighting what he found most interesting visually and kinetically.' To Noland, chance was merely a pathway to the organic–a conduit for Cunningham's preferred movements to interact with one another in unexpected ways."– "Bookforum"