…the more honourable animals have been allotted a more honourable soul…
What is the nature of the soul? It is this question that Aristotle sought to answer in De Anima
(On the Soul
). In doing so he offers a psychological theory that encompasses not only human beings but all living beings. Its basic thesis, that the soul is the form of an organic body, sets it in sharp
contrast with both Pre-Socratic physicalism and Platonic dualism. On the Soul
contains Aristotle’s definition of the soul, and his explanations of nutrition, perception, cognition, and animal self-motion.
The general theory in De Anima
is augmented in the shorter works of Parva Naturalia
, which deal with perception, memory and recollection, sleep and dreams, longevity, life-cycles, and psycho-physiology.
This new translation brings together all of Aristotle’s extant and complementary psychological works, and adds as a supplement ancient testimony concerning his lost writings dealing with the soul. The introduction by Fred D. Miller, Jr. explains the central place of the soul in Aristotle’s natural
science, the unifying themes of his psychological theory, and his continuing relevance for modern philosophy and psychology.